Kalka Shimla Railway
The locomotives used throughout the sooner amount were factory-made by Sharp, Stewart and Company, and bigger locomotives were introduced that were factory-made by Hunslet Engine Company. The diesel and diesel locomotive locomotives were started operation in 1955 and 1970 severally. On eight Gregorian calendar month 2008, associated Cultural Organization superimposed the Kalka–Shimla Railway as an extension to the globe Heritage website of Mountain railways of Republic of India.
Shimla (then corn Simla) was settled by the British shortly once the primary Anglo-Gurkha war, and is found at seven,116 feet (2,169 m) within the foothills of the Himalayas. It became the summer capital of British Republic of India in 1864, and was additionally the headquarters of the British army in Republic of India. before construction of the railway, communication with the surface world was via village cart. The 1,676 millimetre (5 linear unit six in) broad-gauge Delhi–Kalka line opened in 1891. The Kalka–Shimla Railway was designed on a pair of linear unit (610 mm) narrow-gauge tracks by the Delhi-Ambala-Kalka Railway Company starting in 1898.
The 96.54 km (59.99 mi) line opened for traffic on nine Gregorian calendar month 1903. it absolutely was inaugurated by Viceroy of Republic of India Lord Curzon. due to the high capital and maintenance prices and peculiar operating conditions, the Kalka–Shimla Railway was allowed to charge higher fares than on different lines. However, the corporate was still not profitable and was purchased by the govt on one Gregorian calendar month one906 for Rs 1,71,07,748. In 1905 the road was regauged to a pair of linear unit six in (762 mm) to adapt to standards set by the Indian executive department.