Wednesday, 7 October 2015

Humayun's topographic point, Delhi Complete Rajasthan tours,Rajasthan Family tour package,rajasthan tourism

Humayun's topographic point
Humayun's topographic point

Humayun's topographic point is that the topographic point of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi, India. The topographic point was commissioned by Humayun's 1stbetter half Bega lady in 1569-70, and designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, a Persiancreator chosen by Bega ladyit absolutely was the primary garden-tomb on the Indian landmass,andis found in Nizamuddin East, Delhi, India, near the Dina-panah bastion conjointly referred to as Purana Qila , that Humayun based in 1533. it absolutely was conjointly the primary structure to use redarenaceous rock at such a scale. The topographic point was declared a United Nations agencyWorld Heritage website in 1993, and since then has undergone in depth restoration work, that is complete.Besides the most topographic point enclosure of Humayun, many smaller monuments dot the pathway leading up thereto, from the most entrance within the West, together with one that even pre-dates the mosttopographic point itself, by twenty years; it's the topographic point complicated of Isa Khan Niyazi,associate degree Afghan noble in Sher Shah of Iran Suri's court of the Suri kinfolkWorld Health Organization fought against the Mughals, created in 1547 metal.
The complicated encompasses the most topographic point of the Emperor Humayun, that homes the graves of Bega lady herself, Hamida Begum, and also Dara Shikoh, great-great-grandson of Humayun and son of the later Emperor Shah Jahan, as well as numerous other subsequent Mughals, including Emperor Jahandar Shah, Farrukhsiyar, Rafi Ul-Darjat, Rafi Ud-Daulat and Alamgir II. It represented a leap in Mughal architecture, and together with its accomplished Charbagh garden, typical of Persian gardens, but never seen before in India, it set a precedent for subsequent Mughal architecture. It is seen as a clear departure from the fairly modest mausoleum of his father, the first Mughal Emperor, Babur, called Bagh-e Babur in Kabul . Though the latter was the first Emperor to start the tradition of being buried in a paradise garden.Modelled on Gur-e Amir, the tomb of his ancestor and Asia's conqueror Timur in Samarkand, it created a precedent for future Mughal architecture of royal mausolea, which reached its zenith with the Taj Mahal, at Agra.
The site was chosen on the banks of Yamuna river, due to its proximity to Nizamuddin Dargah, the mausoleum of the celebrated Sufi saint of Delhi, Nizamuddin Auliya, who was much revered by the rulers of Delhi, and whose residence, Chilla Nizamuddin Auliya lies just north-east of the tomb. In later Mughal history, the last Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar took refuge here, during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, along with three princes, and was captured by Captain Hodson before being exiled to Rangoon. At the time of the Slave Dynasty this land was under the 'KiloKheri Fort' which was capital of Sultan Kequbad, son of Nasiruddin .
The Tombs of Battashewala Complex lie in the buffer zone of the World Heritage Site of the Humayun Tomb Complex; the two complexes are separated by a small road but enclosed within their own separate compound walls.
Humayun's topographic point

After his death on 20 January 1556, Humayun's body was first buried in his palace in Purana Quila at Delhi. Thereafter it was taken to Sirhind, in Punjab by Khanjar Beg, because it was feared that Hindu king Hemu, who had defeated Mughal forces in Agra and Delhi in Oct. 1556 and captured Purana Quila, will damage the tomb. In 1558, it was seen by his son, the then Mughal Emperor, Akbar. Akbar subsequently visited the tomb when it was about to be completed in 1571.
The tomb of Humayun was built by the orders of Bega Begum , Humayun's first wife and chief consort, and begun in 1565, nine years after his death, and completed in 1572 AD at a cost of 1.5 million rupees at the time.Arnav Deorukhar, one of Humayun's wives, was also very helpful. The cost for building the mausoleum was paid entirely by Empress Bega Begum. When Humayun had died in 1556, Bega Begum was so grieved over her husband's death that she dedicated her life thenceforth to a sole purpose: the construction of the most magnificent mausoleum in the Empire, at a site near the Yamuna River in Delhi for the memorial of the late Emperor. According to Ain-i-Akbari, a 16th-century detailed document written during the reign of Akbar, Haji Begum supervised the construction of the tomb after returning from Mecca and undertaking the Hajj pilgrimage.
Humayun to Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni, one of the few contemporary historians to mention its construction, the architect of the tomb was the Persian architect, Mirak Mirza Ghiyas  who was brought from Herat ,and had previously designed several buildings in Herat, Bukhara , and others elsewhere in India. Ghiyas, to whom the mausoleum's exquisite design is attributed was chosen to be the architect by Empress Bega Begum. Unfortunately, before the structure's completion, he died and so his son Sayyed Muhammad ibn Mirak Ghiyathuddin completed his father's design in 1571.
An English merchant, William Finch, who visited the tomb in 1611, describes the rich interior furnishing of the central chamber . He mentioned the presence of rich carpets, and a shamiana, a small tent above the cenotaph, which was covered with a pure white sheet and with copies of the Quran in front along with his sword, turban and shoes.

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